Charybdotoxin and apamin sensitivity of the calcium-dependent repolarization and the afterhyperpolarization in neostriatal neurons

J. C. Pineda, E. Galarraga, J. Bargas, M. Cristancho, J. Aceves


1. Intracellular recordings from neostriatal neurons in an in vitro slice preparation of the rat brain were used to analyze the pharmacological sensitivity of the action potential (AP) repolarization and the afterhyperpolarization (AHP) that follows a single action potential. The interspike voltage trajectory and the AHP could be divided into two main parts: a fast component lasting a few milliseconds and better observed during a train of spikes, and a slow component lasting approximately 250 ms and that comprises the main portion of the AHP. In some cells, a slow (up to 1 s) component of low amplitude was also detected. 2. Single APs were elicited at two imposed membrane potentials (around -60 and around -80 mV). The AP amplitude was larger, the repolarization rate was faster, and the duration was shorter when spikes were evoked at -80 mV. When measured from the -60 mV holding potential, the afterpotential was an AHP with peak amplitude of -5 mV. The afterpotential became a delayed depolarization (DD) at -80 mV. 3. Firing frequency adaptation was voltage sensitive. The firing of APs induced by long intracellular current pulses from a holding potential of -80 mV exhibited only a slow-frequency adaptation (time constant of seconds). However, at -60 mV, an initial and faster frequency adaptation was evident (time constant of tens of milliseconds). 4. The Ca2+ channel blocker Cd2+ retarded AP repolarization rate. This effect correlated with a significant block of the fast and slow components of the AHP. In contrast, Ni2+ had no significant effects on the same parameters.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)