Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase enhances hippocampal dentate granule cell GABAA receptor currents

J. Kapur, R. L. Macdonald


1. The effects of activation of endogenous adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase (PKA), intracellular application of PKA and inhibition of endogenous PKA by protein kinase inhibitory peptide (PKIP) on hippocampal dentate granule cell gamma-aminobuturic acid A (GABAA) receptor (GABAR) currents were characterized. 2. GABAR currents evoked by repeated application of GABA (30 or 100 microM) were enhanced by application of 1 mM norepinephrine (52 +/- 26%; mean +/- SE; n = 11) and of 500 mM 8-bromo cAMP (15 +/- 2%, n = 7). 3. GABA concentration response curves were obtained from six dentate granule cells before and after application of 500 microM 8-bromo cAMP. The maximal current was increased significantly by 89 +/- 36%, but the mean EC50 was not significantly changed (68 +/- 42 microM vs. 25 +/- 10 microM). 4. The GABA concentration response relationship was studied in a group of 7 granule cells recorded with pipettes containing PKIP and 2 mM ATP and compared with another group of 12 cells recorded with 2 mM ATP in the pipette. When currents were recorded with intracellular PKIP, the mean EC50 for GABA was no different (43 +/- 9 microM vs. 45 +/- 16 microM); however, the maximal current obtained was smaller, (961 +/- 102 pA vs. 658 +/- 104 pA). 5. Concentration response data were obtained from four granule cells using recording pipettes containing the cPKA and an ATP regeneration system and compared with seven cells recorded with the ATP regeneration system. With cPKA, the maximal GABAR current was significantly larger (1,224 +/- 132 pA vs. 718 +/- 56 pA), but the EC50 for GABA was not significantly altered (21 +/- 2.0 microM vs. 79 +/- 25 microM).