Previous evidence has shown that ligating the femoral artery for 72h resulted in an exaggerated exercise pressor reflex. To provide electrophysiological evidence for this finding, we examined in decerebrated rats whose femoral arteries were either freely perfused or ligated for 72h the responses of thin fiber (i.e., group III & IV) afferents to static contraction of the hindlimb muscles. We found that contraction increased the combined activity of group III and IV afferents in both freely perfused (n=29; baseline: 0.3±0.1imp/s, contraction: 0.8±0.2imp/s; p<0.05) and ligated rats (n=28; baseline: 0.4±0.1imp/s, contraction: 1.4±0.1imp/s; p<0.05). Most importantly, the contraction-induced increase in afferent activity was greater in ligated rats than it was in freely perfused rats (p=0.005). In addition, the responses of group III afferents to contraction in ligated rats (n=15; baseline 0.3±0.1imp/s, contraction 1.5±0.2imp/s) were greater (p=0.024) than the responses to contraction in freely perfused rats (n=18; baseline 0.3±0.1imp/s, contraction 0.9±0.2imp/s). Likewise, the responses of group IV afferents to contraction in ligated rats (n=13; baseline 0.5±0.1, contraction 1.3± 0.2 imp/s) were greater (p= 0.048) than the responses of group IV afferents in freely perfused rats (n=11; baseline 0.3±0.1imp/s, contraction 0.6±0.2imp/s). We conclude that both group III and IV afferents contribute to the exaggeration of the exercise pressor reflex induced by femoral artery ligation.
- peripheral artery disease
- group III and IV afferents
- sympathetic activity during exercise
- Copyright © 2015, Journal of Neurophysiology